The best treatment for a severe bleeding injury depends on the cause and severity of the bleeding. In an emergency situation, the first step is to call for professional medical help immediately. In the meantime, it's important to take the following steps to control the bleeding:
Use a clean cloth or bandage directly to the incision and push firmly.
For at least 15 to 20 minutes, keep applying pressure, or until the bleeding stops.
One of the best ways to reduce bleeding is to apply direct pressure to the wound.
The body naturally forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding when a blood artery is damaged.
Directly pressing hard pressure on the incision encourages clot formation by constricting the blood vessels.
When applying pressure to the wound, it's crucial to use a clean cloth or bandage to assist avoid infection.
Do not remove the bandage or cloth if it becomes bloody.
Instead, add another layer on top and keep packing pressure.
A tourniquet can be required if the bleeding does not cease after 15-20 minutes of constant pressure.
To avoid further injury, tourniquets should only be used as a last resort and should only be applied and withdrawn slowly.
To aid in reducing bleeding, if at all possible, elevate the damaged area of the body above the level of the heart.
In order to stop bleeding, the injured area may benefit from being elevated.
Blood flow to the area can be decreased by raising the wounded body part above the level of the heart, which can assist to reduce bleeding.
It's crucial to remember that elevating the affected area does not serve as a replacement for applying direct pressure.
Although the region is elevated, pressure should still be administered to the wound.
In some circumstances, such as severe injuries to the head, neck, or torso, elevating the patient may not be practical or beneficial.
Get immediate medical assistance if the bleeding is significant and does not stop with direct pressure and elevation.
A tourniquet might be required if the bleeding is severe and cannot be stopped with direct pressure.
To prevent further harm to the injured region, a tourniquet should only be used as a last resort and should be withdrawn and reapplied every 20 to 30 minutes.
While it's true that a tourniquet can be applied as a last resort in cases of extreme bleeding, it's crucial to remember that only someone who has received training in using one should do so.
Incorrect tourniquet application or excessive tourniquet retention can result in tissue death or limb amputation, both of which are permanent effects, in the affected area.
Direct pressure and elevation should be adequate to stop bleeding in the majority of severe bleeding instances.
Get immediate medical treatment if these measures are unable to stop the bleeding.
If you are properly educated to use a tourniquet and you find yourself in a position where one is required, make sure to use a wide, flat tourniquet band, such as a belt or strap, and stay away from utilizing narrow materials like wires or shoelaces.
Applying the tourniquet high on the limb, above the wound but below the joint, and tightening it until the bleeding stops are the proper techniques.
Remind yourself to remove and reapply the tourniquet every 20 to 30 minutes, and get help as soon as you can.
Even if the bleeding has stopped, it's crucial to get medical help right away in order to assess the damage and head off any potential consequences.
For severe bleeding wounds, receiving medical attention from a specialist is essential.
Even after the bleeding has stopped, underlying damage may still exist and require evaluation and treatment by a medical specialist.
Infection, damage to the nerves or tissues, and even death are problems that might arise from delayed or ineffective treatment.
If the bleeding is serious or uncontrollable, it's crucial to call for immediate medical assistance or visit the closest emergency facility.